Ice hockey is a violent and fast winter sport in which two teams of six players and nine spare players compete over a specified area of ice.
The history of this game originating between America, Europe, the Netherlands and England, and in the year 1908 the International Hockey Federation was established.
Ice hockey is a popular sport in Canada where it started in the nineteenth century, and in Russia, Sweden, Finland, the Czech Republic, the United States, and Slovakia. America’s National Hockey League (NHL) is the current strongest leagues for the sport. This game is played in a limited manner in some Arab countries, such as the Sultanate of Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Iran and Kuwait.
Hockey is played by men and women at the Olympic Games (since 1920) and at the World Championships each year.
An ice field is divided into three defense zones, the neutral zone and the offensive area.
– The goal is three meters from the final boundaries of the stadium.
– A white leather ball with a weight of no more than 170 g and a circumference of no more than 26 cm.
A stick, which is a metaphor for a wooden racket of 135 cm maximum, and a flat bottom of 37 cm, and a height of 9 cm, used to hit a flat and round piece.
– Shoes: The player does not use shoes that contain dangerous objects, that is, without nails, metal, or otherwise.
The players are distributed as follows: a goalkeeper, two defense players, three players ahead of the attack. The coach of the team has the right to replace one of the players during the match, and the player has the right to stop the ball with a part of his body.
The player wears a special clothing that covers the shoulders, legs, thighs, elbows and hands, in addition to a protective helmet.
Two sleds each wear a steel blade. The goalkeeper wears more protective clothing.
The match consists of three runs, each of 20 minutes duration, and starts with the dispatch process, so that two players from both teams stand near their goal line, and the ball is placed on the ground between the two players and each tries to hit the ball with his stick.
During the service, each of the two players stands near his own line to defend him, and so the game spins until one of the two teams wins.
The team scores a point when the disc goes into the goal, as the opponent team keeper tries not to let them do so.
The referee can stop a player from playing for two, five minutes, 10 minutes, or until the end of the game, depending on the type of violation committed. As for penalties that exceed 5 minutes, they are considered personal and the player receives them in the event of non-athletic behavior that threatens the opponent’s player, and it is one of the penalties that are rarely used except in extreme cases. When a player is punished by stopping playing for two or five minutes, the punished player exits the stadium and sits in a designated penalty area while his team continues to play minus a player. In the event that the punishing team players commit other violations within the first penalty period, they are suspended with the observance of keeping 3 players and a guard from the punishing team as a minimum, by permitting the replacement of one of the three players in the event of committing a violation