Blog, Hockey Books

 Teams competition.

 Dodge competition for 10 meters.

 Shot on target.

 Unified Teams Competition.

 The following events provide beneficial competition for players with low abilities:

 Individual Skills Competition.

 Shooting at goal from various angles.

 – Scroll.

 – Use the paddle.

 Correction accuracy.

 -Defense.

 Index

1- History

 2- pitch

 o 2.1 public play

 o 2.2 How to play

 3 hockey games in Australia and New Zealand

 4 play equipment

 5 official tournaments

 6 rulers

 7 hockey in India and Pakistan

 8 hockey in England

 9 hockey in Arab countries

 10 equipment

 10.1 goalkeeper equipment

 11 tactics

 12 international competition

 · 13 See also

 · 14 sources

 · 15 external links

 Date

 The ancient history of hockey is unknown.  Pharaonic wall inscriptions in the fourth millennium BC showed pictures of this.  Pictures of the Greeks in 500 BC also showed such games at a time when all regions of medieval Europe were known as hockey games, and this name was first launched in 1527.

 Modern hockey began in popular schools in the early nineteenth century, and the first hockey club was established in Blackheath in 1849 in south-east London, and the new game laws arose from a copy of instructions developed by members of the Middlesex Crickets for winter games, and it is believed that Teddington hockey is the one who founded hockey  The well-known modern today is that it defined the circle of multiplication, and changed the ball into a spherical ball after it was a rubber cube.

 The International Hockey Federation was founded in 1886, played its first international game in 1895 between Ireland and Wales, and ended in Ireland’s 3/0 victory.  In 1885 hockey reached India by British soldiers, and established the first club for this sport in Kolkata in 1885, and in 1895 created the Beighton Cup and the Aga Khan championship, and in 1900 the international law of the game appeared in its modern form.  In 1908 hockey became an Olympic game, and it continued until 1920, then was abolished in the 1924 tournament, which led to the emergence of the International Federation of Hockey Grass Fédération Internationale de Hockey sur Gazon (FIH) in 1970, by uniting seven continental federations, including European colonies.  In 1928 hockey returned to the Olympic Games, and became more organized, and India won the championship in this tournament, and maintained the hockey championship in the Olympic Games until 1956 and then in 1964 and 1980 while Pakistan won the championship in 1960, 1968 and 1984.

 In the early seventies, artificial turf was started in tournaments, and this changed most of the concepts of hockey, the game speed increased, and this led to the emergence of new plans, techniques, tools and laws for them.

 This change also led to the end of the Indian and Pakistani control of the game, because the high cost of industrial floors, compared to natural grassland, limited the spread of these stadiums in these two countries in exchange for a large and rapid spread in the wealthier European countries.

 Since 1970, the Olympic tournament of this sport began in Australia, the Netherlands, and Germany, and then water-based surfaces appeared, allowing easier and faster movement of the ball, and these stadiums became the first choice in international championships.

 As for women, they played hockey for the first time in Britain’s universities and schools, and the first ladies club was established in 1887, and the Hunese Mollyy Ladies Hockey Club.

 In 1894, the Irish Hockey Federation, the first of its kind, was established, which was rejected by the International Hockey Federation.  However, the spread of hockey among women all over the world led to the establishment of the International Federation of Women’s Hockey Associations (IFWHA) in 1927, although this association did not include all continents, as some continents remained associated with the Men’s Hockey Federation.

 The International Women’s Federation (IFWHA) began holding a regular conference every 3 years, and the tournaments accompanying the conference were the official competitions of the federation, and were not competitive in its beginnings until 1975.

 The number of affiliated countries of the International Hockey Hockey Federation (FIH) in the early seventies reached 22, and the number of affiliated federations of the International Women’s Federation (IFWHA) reached 36.  Since then, serious thinking has begun to standardize and write the law.  In 1974, the International Hockey Federation started its competitive championships, forcing all its affiliates to accept the principle of competitive hockey that was introduced by IFWHA in 1973. Women’s hockey has participated in the Olympic Games since 1980, and the Netherlands, Germany and Australia dominated these championships, and in 1982 the two federations merged into one federation.

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